Abstract
EVALUATION OF THE UTILITY OF CHIELOSCOPY IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL PRE-MALIGNANT DISORDERS OF THE KANPUR POPULATION

Dr. Kriti Garg*, Dr. Praveen Singh, Dr. Samiksha Shwetam, Dr. Shubhra Saxena, Dr. Shazia Aslam, Dr. Vishal Mehrotra

ABSTRACT

Background: Several studies have demonstrated that genetic and environmental factors are significant factors in the causation of oral and oral cancer and potentially malignant diseases. Chelioscopy could also be a valuable resource for other testing methods to classify different genetic disorders in this context. The Aim of the study the pattern of lip prints in patients with oral pre-malignant disorders. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine of the dental institute. A written informed consent was obtained from the participants after explaining them the procedure of the study. For the study, we selected 212 subjects from the outpatient department. The subjects having full dentition were included. Patients were grouped into 2 groups, Group 1: Patients without oral premalignant lesions (n=105) and Group 2: Patients with oral premalignant lesions (n=107). Results: We observed that most frequent type of lip print in Group 1 was Type III lip prints. Similarly, the most frequent type of lip print in Group 2 was Type II lip prints. The results were comparable and were statistically non-significant. We observed that oral leukoplakia was seen in 17 subjects, oral lichen planus was seen in 18 subjects, oral erythroplakia was seen in 22 subjects and oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF) was seen in 50 patients. The results were comparable and observed to be statistically significant among OSMF patients. Conclusion: From the results of the present study, we conclude that the association of lip prints with oral pre-malignant lesions is significant only in oral sub mucous fibrosis therefore further studies are required to support the theory.

Keywords: Lip prints, pre-cancerous lesions, pre-malignant lesions.


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