Abstract
CASE REPORT: TAURODONTISM, AN INCIDENTAL FINDING

*Dr. Dazwinder Kaur

ABSTRACT

Taurodontism also called as Bull tooth can be defined as a change in tooth shape caused by the failure of Hertwig’s epithelial sheath diaphragm to invaginate at the proper horizontal level. An enlarged pulp chamber, apical displacement of the pulpal floor, and no constriction at the level of the cemento-enamel junction are the characteristic features. Although permanent molar teeth are most commonly affected, this change can also be seen in both the permanent and deciduous dentition, unilaterally or bilaterally, and in any combination of teeth or quadrants. Whilst it appears most frequently as an isolated anomaly, its association with several syndromes and abnormalities has also been reported. Taurodontism although not common, a preoperative radiograph serve as an important tool for diagnosing the taurodontic condition and helps in preventing unexpected challenges while performing successful endodontic therapy. This case report presents a case of taurodontism in permanent maxillary molars and their successful endodontic treatment.

Keywords: Bull tooth, karyotype, taurodontism, Hertwig’s root epithelial sheath, enlarged pulp chamber.


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