Abstract
ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LUTS AND THE DIETARY HABITS OF A POPULATION IN SRI LANKA

Anurudda Udaya Bandara Pethiyagoda*, Kalyani Pethiyagoda, Sithara Nilmini Warnasooriya, Dulanjalee Lakmini Keeragala, Inaam Niyas, Erandika Vidanagamage

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dietary habits and lifestyle are very important in managing the quality of life. According to studies, prevalence and incidence of lower urinary tract (LUTS) are markedly affected by the dietary habbit. This study was carried out to assess the effect of intake of commonly used food items on LUTS included in evaluation of IPSS. Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 297 patients who presented to the urology clinic of Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Symptomatology and dietary patterns were evaluated by a questionnaire including “International Prostate Symptom Score” (IPSS). Results: The mean age of 297 subjects was of 65 years with an age range of 17-87 years. Of the sampled population 83.50% were males. The most significant symptom among the study population was nocturia (86.1%) and the least common was straining (48.5%). The excessive use of Gotukola (p=0.041), Okra (p=0.043) and beans (p=0.043) shows a significant relationship with the reduction of LUTS. Conclusions: Although there is evidence that changes in dietary habits can reduce urinary risk factors and the risk of LUTS, further studies for large samples are necessary to evaluate long-term effects of dietary interventions on LUTS.

Keywords: Dietary habits, IPSS, LUTS.


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