Abstract
GYNECOLOGICAL SURGERY AS DESCRIBE BY AL- ZAHRAWI IN AL-TASREEF

Ubaid Amir*, Abdul Nasir and Mohammad Khalid Siddiqui

ABSTRACT

Surgery is the branch of medical science where the surgeon uses hand and the surgical instruments to cure the ailments. The records of the knowledge of this science are available in various civilization including in india. In the older days this method of treatment was consider an art but during 7th & 8th centuries this art achieved the status of a well-developed science probably due to the best efforts by the Arabs prominently by Muslim surgeon ABU-AL-QASIM AL-ZAHRAWI (936-1013). In Unani system of medicine, science very ancient times surgery has always been a part of treatment. In facts Unani physician were pioneer and exports in surgery and had developed their own instrument and techniques. They practical surgery and wrote many remarkable books on the subject like KITAB-AL-TASREEF by AL-ZAHRAWI, KITAB-AL-UMDA FIL-JAHARAT by IBN –AL-QUF MASIHI, KAMIL-AL-SANAA by ALI-IBN-ABBAS-AL-MAJUSI etc. Among these books. The 30th volume of AL-TASREEF which is dedicated to only surgery related topics, gained much popularity among the western surgeons due to its illustrious descriptions of surgical procedures with the help of self-designed instruments. In this famous volume besides other topics, ZAHRAWI also described several procedures which are related to gynecology and obstetrics, such as cesarean section, craniotomy and extra uterine pregnancies. AL-ZAHRAWI was one of the first scholars in Islamic world to promote nursing and encouraged women to become midwives. He described lithotomy position for vaginal operations. He instructed and trained midwives and wrote a section on midwifery and elaborately described the diagnosis and treatment of women’s problem and diseases. In this paper we have tried to elaborate the works and innovations of AL-ZAHAWI in the field of gynecological surgeries. The details about this topic will be discussed in full length paper.

Keywords: AL- Zahrawi, AL-Tasreef, Lithotomy, Gynecology.


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