Abstract
PREVALENCE OF THYROID DISORDERS IN RURAL REGION OF DENTAL TERTIARY CARE CENTER AT KANPUR, UTTAR PRADESH

Kriti Garg*, Praveen Singh, Akash Srivastava and Aaryan Raj Srivastava

ABSTRACT

Background: Thyroid disorders are a widespread endocrinological problem, but data on its prevalence in India is scanty. Aims & Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the proportion of various thyroid disorders in subjects attending a dental tertiary care center. Material and Methods: This retrospective hospital based study was done from July 2020 – March 2021, involving 3033 patients who underwent thyroid function test, in the central clinical biochemistry. Thyroid function tests were performed on Siemens Centaur immunoassay analyzer. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS v21 software. Results: We found 20.79% subjects having thyroid dysfunction in our study population. Out of these, 3.92% were overt hypothyroid, 7.48% were subclinical hypothyroid, 2.93% overt hyperthyroid and 6.46% were found to be subclinical hyperthyroid. Conclusion: The present study suggested that the prevalence of thyroid disorders in our study population is high and hypothyroidism is more common than hyperthyroidism. Highest prevalence of thyroid disorder was found in 30-49 years age group.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid stimulating hormone.


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