Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF BODY MASS INDEX, BLOOD PRESSURE AND LIPID PROFILE AMONG BANK EMPLOYEES OF SOME SELECTED COMMERCIAL BANKS IN YENAGOA CITY, NIGERIA

Onitsha Enebrayi Nelson*, Okutu Jackson Borobuebi and Bannerman-Warikoru Sonia Ebimobo

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity has been known as a risk factor to several metabolic diseases including cardiovascular disease. Objective: The present study was aimed at assessing the Body Mass Index, Blood pressure and Lipid profile among bank employees of some selected commercial banks in Yenagoa, Nigeria. Method: A total of sixty apparently healthy bank employees within the age range of 25-45years were recruited for the study. Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure were determined, while the fasting plasma total cholesterol, High-Density Lipoprotein and triglyceride were measured using enzymatic methods. Results: The result revealed that the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obese subjects was 20.0%, 21.7% and 21.3% respectively with more females affected than male. The prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension was 28.3% and 13.3% respectively with more effect on male than female. The mean value of BMI in female subjects (22.08 ± 3.21) is higher than in male (21.65 ± 3.83). Total cholesterol, Low Density-Lipoprotein, and triglyceride levels were higher in the overweight and obese subjects, while High Density Lipoprotein level was lower as compared with normal and underweight subjects. Furthermore, total cholesterol levels in females were significantly (p<0.05) higher than in male subjects. The mean values of Diastolic blood pressure and Systolic blood pressure were significantly (P<0.05) higher in overweight and obese subjects as compared with the normal and underweight subjects. Conclusion: The present study had shown that the studied bank workers have abnormal lipid profile, particularly the female subjects, which may predispose to cardiovascular disease in later life.

Keywords: Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular diseases, Lipid Profile.


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