Abstract
CLINICAL FEATURES OF ROTAVIRUS

Alma Mizdrak*, Elmedina Mrkuli?, Amina Lu?kin and Almedina Alihodži?

ABSTRACT

Rotaviruses can cause acute and chronic diarrhea in AIDS patients transsmision is primarily via the faecal-oral route, although epidemics of contaminated water and food have been reported rarely. Rotavirus is present in high titers in the stool of an infected patient with diarrhea. With symptomatic infection, the disease begins after incubation for 1-3 days. The onset is sudden with vomiting, fever, malaise and profuse watery stools. The disease lasts 3-8 days. Dehydration is isotonic. Rehydration and correction of electrolyte imbalance are the primary treatment. The next method is a hygienic-dietary diet.Of the drugs, probiotics are given to regulate the intestinal flora, as well as nitrofuxazide preparations and other drugs that help regulate the intestinal flora. AIM: Investigate the frequency of rotavirus infections in relation to the total number of people treated for infectious diseases and in relation to the number of gastrointestinal infections, sex,age and seasonal distribution. In the two-year period from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014, a total of 125 patients with odrotavirus infections were treated at the Infectious Diseases Clinic in Sarajevo. In 2014, there was an increase in the number of patient scompared to 2013. The results show that men are more likely to develop rotavirus than women 73-52 or 58% -42% The most common rotavirus infection occurs in infants and young children 56% and then in school children 22%. Rotavirus infections are infections that occur in infants and young children. They are widespread throughout the world, both in developing countries and in countries with a high standard. Worldwide, 139 million cases of gastroenteritis, 25 million clinic visits, 2 million hospitalizations and 440 thousand deaths of children under 5 years of age from Rotavirus occur annually. What is more noticeable are the variations in the occurrence of rotavirus by seasons. Of our 125 respondents, 24% - 30 were in the spring, 18% -23 in the summer, 28% -35 in the fall and 30% -37 in the winter. The data show that rotavirosis occurs in the colder wetter months. coincides with world research. The results show that the number of patients with rotavirus infections in our country is increasing, which is a problem of human and clinical medicine and especially public health.

Keywords: Rotavirosis,infection, sex, age, seasonal distribution, clinical picture.


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