Abstract
PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF THYROID DYSFUNCTION AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN CALICUT

Milka K. Joy, Sukritha C., Hanna K., Aseeb Mohammed, K. P. Rajesh and Siraj Sundaran*

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and thyroid disorders have been shown to mutually influence each other because of their intersecting pathology. Studies have shown that thyroid dysfunction is common in diabetic population. This study aimed to know the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The study was conducted on 137 patients of type 2 diabetic patients aged between 31-70 years. The correlation of prevalence of thyroid dysfunction with age, gender, body mass index, duration of type 2 diabetes mellitus, serum creatinine, lipid profile, glycosylated hemoglobin was done. Prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus was found higher. Hypothyroidism was the most common thyroid dysfunction found. Elderly populations were at greater risk. Failure to recognize the presence of abnormal thyroid hormone level in type 2 diabetes may be a primary cause of poor management of type 2 diabetes. A regular screening for thyroid dysfunction among type 2 diabetic patients should be performed.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, thyroid dysfunction, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum creatinine, lipid profile.


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