Dr. Archana Purushottam Shende*, Dr. Rajshri Tulshidas Shilimkar and Dr. Atul Dwarkadas Birla


Ayurveda deals with scientific study of the subject Sharira Rachana (Human anatomy) in Bruhatrayee. “Sharir” means human body and “Rachana” means structure. Sharir Rachana is the branch of Ayurveda which having detailed description of the structures in human body. Marma its definition, types of Marmas, symptoms produced after injuries to these Marmas, and their treatment are described by all Ayurvedic texts, especially “Trimarmiya Siddhi”. Marma Vigyan is one element of Ayurveda gifted by Acharyas. It is not much developed in modern science. Marma are vital point on body surface having importance regarding traumatic effect. Marma is vital point where injuries occur can lead to disability, dysfunctioning or even termination of life. There are one hundred and seven (107) marmas (vital spots) are present in human body, out of which 11 each limbs, 26 in trunk (3 in abdomen, 9 in thorax, 14 in the back) and 37 in head neck region. Marmas are basically comprises of an essential five anatomical structures. – i.e. Mamsa, Sira, Sanayu, Asthi, Sandhi. Marma are not only anatomical landmarks but they are also the sites where Tridosha are present with their subtle forms Prana, Ojasa (Soma) and Tejas (Agni). They also contain 3 Gunas namely Sattva, Raja, Tamas (Manas contents) and soul or life force (Bhutatma).

Keywords: Ayurveda, Sushruta Samhita, Rachana sharir, Marma Vigyan, Vital points.

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