Abstract
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF PHYLLANTHUS NIRURI: A REVIEW

Shraddha S. Jadhav, Padmanabh B. Deshpande*, Priyanka Kandhare and Shriram Temgire

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus niruri Linn. belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family and it is a small herb having a wide range of medicinal properties, and it is used widely across the world. In Indian ayurvedic system, it is used for treatment of jaundice, ulcers, skin diseases, diabetes, chest pain and urinary complications. Its taste is bitter and acts as an astringent and shows a laxative effect. This review covers information about ethno medicinal uses of Phyllanthus niruri in different countries with various pharmacological profiles of the plant. The phytochemical studies were characterized and the presence of various compounds such as lignans, phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin, flavonoids, glycosinoids and tannins were reported. The extracts of Phyllanthus niruri have a wide range of pharmacological activities like antimicrobial, antiviral, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiplasmodial and diuretic.

Keywords: Phyllanthus niruri, Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, Activity, Disease, Active constituents.


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