Abstract
IMPACT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION INTERVENTION ON NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETIC MALE SUBJECTS

*Suman Bala, Tarvinderjeet Kaur and 3Manmeet Kaur

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Nutrition education intervention plays a key role in diabetes self-care management because effective communication and nutrition education enhance nutrition knowledge, attitude towards healthy food choices. It also improves nutritional status, clinical outcomes and quality of life of diabetic people. Therefore the purpose of this research was to educate type 2 diabetic male subjects. Methodology: Total sixty male type 2 diabetic subjects free from serious complications were selected purposively from district Kurukshetra, Haryana. A self-structured questionnaire was developed with KAP (knowledge, attitude, practices) aspects of type 2 diabetes. Nutrition education was imparted for a period of four months through different audio/ visual aids. KAP scores were assessed before, during and after the intervention trial by personal interview method. Results & Discussion: An improvement in mean KAP scores was observed in intervention group instead of control group. The mean knowledge scores (46.33±15.25) in intervention group were high while in control group where no education was provided mean knowledge scores (13.07±2.21) were low. Mean Attitude and Practices scores (16.07±1.41 & 25.70±1.39) were also more in intervention group when compared to mean attitude and practices scores (6.73±1.46 & 13.10±2.01) of control group. Results showed that nutrition education intervention significantly improved KAP scores among subjects who received nutrition education compared with those who did not receive. Conclusion: Nutrition education is an effective tool to bring about the positive effects on their health and self-care management of diabetic people.

Keywords: type 2 diabetes, knowledge, attitude, practices, nutrition education, KAP scores.


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