Abstract
EFFECT OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE AND PERIODONTAL THERAPY ON ORAL HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS

Dr. Saoji Manjiri B.* and Dr. Indurkar Maya S.

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health–related quality of life (OHRQoL) is a part of health-related QoL that focuses on oral health and orofacial distress. Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease affecting supporting structures of the teeth leading to loss of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Periodontitis has been directly associated with OHRQoL, and treatment of the disease may amplify QoL, from a patient’s perspective. Aim: To evaluate the impact of periodontal disease and periodontal therapy on oral health-related quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted between September 2019 to March 2021. 600 participants were enrolled in the study. Data was collected pertaining to demographic details, socioeconomic condition along with OHIP-14 questionnaire, to measure the impact of periodontal disease on oral health related quality of life. Scaling and root planning was performed for all participants in two appointments using ultrasonic and hand instruments. After a period of 4-5 weeks OHIP-14 questionnaire was provided for re-evaluation. Results: On baseline evaluation most, common complaint reported were occasional worsening of taste (20.53%) and unsatisfactory diet (26.99%) and frequently reported complaint was of painful aching in mouth and uncomfortable to eat food. After NSPT, OHIP-14 value for majority of participants reduced for almost all the domains of the questionnaire. Conclusion: Periodontal disease can adversely affect OHRQoL. Non-surgical periodontal therapy may not alone lead to complete resolution of periodontal disease but helps to enhance the QOL in periodontitis patient.

Keywords: Oral health related quality of life, health related quality of life, chromic periodontitis, periodontal therapy.


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