Abstract
EFFECTIVENESS OF COLD APPLICATION ON INTRAVENOUS CANNULATION PAIN RESPONSE AMONG HOSPITALIZED CHILDREN

Pushpa Chand Thakuri*, Basant Kumar Karn, Ramanand Chaudhary, Sunita Shah, Shipra Chaudhary

ABSTRACT

Background: Intravenous cannulation is one of the most common painful procedure performed in hospitalized children. Cold application is considered as simple and effective non-pharmacological method for reducing procedural pain. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of cold application on intravenous cannulation pain response among hospitalized children. Methods: An experimental (Post test only) study was conducted among children of age group 4-14 years admitted in pediatric emergency and pediatric wards of BPKIHS. Total 86 participants undergoing intravenous cannulation were selected by consecutive sampling technique and allocated randomly to control group and experimental group. Ice cubes covered by 0.4mm thick plastic and wrapped in cotton cloth of 0.6mm thickness was applied over 5x5cm2 area proximal to site of cannulation for 3 minutes prior to intravenous cannulation in experimental group only. Children’s pain response was assessed in both experimental and control group via self report using Faces Pain Scale- Revised. Mann Whitney test was used to compare means of pain score between experimental and control group. Results: The mean pain score among experimental group was 3.24 and in control group 6.98. Experimental group showed significantly lower pain (p<0.001) compared to the control group. Application of cold did not cause a significant difference in the success of Intravenous cannulation. There was no association between socio-demographic variables, background variables and pain response in children. Conclusion: Cold application prior to intravenous cannulation is effective in reducing pain in children.

Keywords: Cold application; Intravenous cannulation; Pain.


[Full Text Article]

Login





Forgot Password  |  Register

Indexing

Best Paper Awards

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (EJBPS) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.

Best Article of current issue :

Tangudu Nagabhusana Rao

Download Article : Click here

News & Updation

  • EJBPS: SEPTEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED

    SEPTEMBER 2021 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 September 2021

  • EJBPS New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJBPS Impact Factor has been increased from 5.467 to 6.044, due to high quality Publication at International Level.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJBPS Received Index Copernicus Value 77.3, due to High Quality Publication in EJBPS at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Dear Researcher, Article Invited for Publication  in EJBPS coming Issue.

     

UG/PG/Ph.D Research Publication

Research Scholar of UG/PG/Ph.D can Submit their Research Article/Review Article/Case Study/Short Communication for Publication in EJBPS

Downloads

Copyright From

Covering Letter

                        Author Instruction 
 

PLAGERLUM REPORT