Abstract
STUDY OF PREVALENCE AND TYPE OF ANEMIA IN ANTENATAL PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

Dr. Anil Kumar Tiwari, *Dr. Amod Kumar and Dr. Monica

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anaemia leads to insufficient oxygen supply to meet body’s physiological needs. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia worldwide. Aims and Objectives: The study is done to analyse the prevelance of anemia and its types in pregnantwomen to improve the maternal and fetal well being. Material and Methods: The study included 9554 pregnant patients and their haemoglobin concentration was estimated by using five part differential cell counter machine. Peripheral blood smear was also made to study the morphological type of anemi. Results: 52%(4968/9554) of pregnant patients were found to be anemic. Anemia was prevelant more in multigravida than in primigravida. Majority of patients had microcytic hypochromic anemia. 47.1% had moderate anemia, 40.1% had mild anemia and 12.1% had severe anemia. Conclusion: Iron deficiency leading to microcytic hypochromic anemia is the commonest pattern of anemia seen in pregnancy and more prevelant in multigravid women.

Keywords: Anemia, Microcytic, Pregnant women, Multigravida, Primigravida.


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