Abstract
NON-INSTITUTIONAL AND INSTITUTIONAL HEALTH CARE OF THE ELDERLY

Amela Salihovi?*, Jasmina Mahmutovi?, Suada Brankovi? and Ema Pind┼żo

ABSTRACT

The role of the living environment is growing (age-friendly environment) in keeping the elderly in their homes. It is important to ensure wider availability of services in the community, to support the social inclusion of vulnerable groups, to ensure a higher level of social security for the elderly while improving access to sustainable and high quality social services, including support for the deinstitutionalization process. The institutional environment itself is such that it creates additional inconveniences that can follow a person staying in the institution for the rest of his/her life. In relation to institutional accommodation, non-institutional care for the elderly has many advantages by enabling the elderly to stay longer in their own home and to meet specific needs in the local environment. Non-institutional models of care for the elderly emphasize the importance of strengthening the individual's ability to take care of him/herself, strengthening the role of the family, all with strong support for the elderly and his/her family through a developed service system to provide many different types of help and support in the local community. Once a decision has been made to move from institutions to family and community support services, it is important to build legislative support to include all beneficiary groups in the community. Non-institutional health care by providing planned health care services significantly contributes to improving the quality of life of the elderly.

Keywords: Elderly, institutional environment, non-institutional health care, quality of life.


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