Abstract
A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG THE ADULTS IN DERMATOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, MANDYA

Arpitha T. K., Aryasree, Blisty M. Babu, Dr. Vinay M. and Dr. Suresha B. S.*

ABSTRACT

Background: Skin diseases cause a huge disease burden worldwide and constitute 2% of total OPD consultations worldwide. In India, patients in the second and third decades of age group (3.7–51.17%) form the largest population suffering from various skin diseases. Assessing the quality of care through periodic prescribing pattern review should become part of everyday clinical practice. So, the aim was to describe drug prescribing pattern among adults attending outpatient dermatology department of MIMS Teaching hospital. Objectives: To describe drugs prescribed to adult patients in dermatology department of tertiary care hospital, Mandya and to describe disease proportion among study population. Methods and Methodology: It was a prospective study. The study period was about 6 months and the relevant data was collected from outpatient prescription. Result: A total of 317 prescriptions were collected from dermatology OPD and analyzed. Females were more 178 (56.15%) than Males 139 (43.85%). Majority patients were belongs to age group 18 -30 years. Most common skin diseases found were Tinea infection (73). 912 drugs found in 317 prescriptions among that an average number of drugs per prescription of were 2.87%. Antifungals (227) were the most commonly prescribed class of drugs. Conclusion: Most of the drugs prescribed were included in the WHO essential drug list, India 2019. Fungal infections were reported most commonly so, we should create awareness regarding the personal and community hygiene. Prescription analysis should be done periodically to rationalize the prescription.

Keywords: Dermatology, Skin diseases, Prescribing pattern, Outpatient dermatology department.


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