Abstract
A STUDY ON DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG HEPATITIS CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, MANDYA.

Monisha V.M., Muhammed Ashique K.S., Muhammed Thanseer A.K., Dr. Vinay M. and Dr. Suresha B.S.*

ABSTRACT

Background: Prescribing pattern studies draws a logical conclusion to monitor, evaluate practitioners prescription habits to make patient care rational and cost effective. Hepatitis is defined as inflammation of the liver due to virus, heavy alcohol use, autoimmune and drugs. WHO estimates that there are about 2.3 billion people of the world are infected with one or more of the hepatitis viruses. Each year, over 1.5 million people die from HBV and HCV related chronic liver diseases. The aim of our study is to describe the prescribing pattern among hepatitis cases in a tertiary care hospital, Mandya. Objective: To describe the drugs prescribed to hepatitis patients and types of hepatitis cases in general medicine department. Methodology: This was a record based retrospective study on drug prescribing pattern among hepatitis cases in general medicine department. Results: In the study among 180 cases, hepatitis was most common in males (77.33%). Majority of patients were found in the age group of 31-40 years (29.44%). Most of the cases were found to be alcoholic hepatitis (48.33%). Hepatoprotectants (15.66%) and Antibiotics (13.81%) were the class of drugs prescribed in maximum. Conclusion: This study concludes that, majority of hepatitis cases are in middle aged group and mostly are men. Different types of hepatitis were observed in which alcoholic hepatitis was most commonly reported. Our study analysed the prescribing pattern of drugs used in hepatitis and found that hepatoprotectants are most prescribed drugs. Management of the patients was completely based on symptoms and severity of the disease.

Keywords: Hepatitis, Prescribing pattern, Hepatoprotectants.


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