Abstract
ASSOCIATION OF HEAEDACHE WITH UNDER-CORRECTED REFRACTIVE ERRORS AND DISPENSING ERROR

Manisbah Maryam, *Ahmed Sohail, Ubaidullah Jan and Sidra Hasnain

ABSTRACT

Background: Headache and refractive errors are very common conditions in the general population, and those with headache often attribute their pain to a visual problem. Dispensing error also causes headache in population & most of the population is unaware. Objective: To find out the frequency of under corrected refractive errors and dispensing errors in patients presenting with headache. Material and Methods: This is a cross sectional study done in LRBT Hospital Lahore and at various optical shops located in different towns. A Performa based interview of the study population was conducted. Frequency distribution/percentages of data were prescribed, cross tables, bar chart and pie chart were formed to calculate the statistical data. Results: Out of the 87  participants 30(34.48%) were males, and 57(65.51%) were females. Out of 87 participants 25(28.7%) had no pain, 42(48.3%) had moderate pain, and 20(23.0%) patients had worst pain. Out of the 87 participants 14(16.1%) had headache from 1 week, 14(16.1%) had headache from 2 weeks, while 17(19.5%) had headache from 3 weeks, and 19(21.8%) patients had headache from more than 4 weeks. Out of 87 participants 10(11.5%) were emmetropic, 4(4.6%) were hypermetropic, 59(67.8%) were myopic and 14(16.1%) patients were having astigmatism. Patients of headache due to under-corrected refractive errors were 48(55.2%), and patients with headache due to dispensing errors were 39(44.8%). Conclusions: In my study I concluded that dispensing and under corrected refractive errors are most common causes of headache but people are not aware of dispensing errors. Almost 48 (55.2%) were having headache due to under-corrected refractive error and 39 (44.8%) were having headache due to dispensing error.

Keywords: Under-corrected Refractive errors, Dispensing errors, Headache.


[Full Text Article]

Login





Forgot Password  |  Register

Indexing

Best Paper Awards

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (EJBPS) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.

Best Article of current issue :

Tanima Debnath Sarkar

Download Article : Click here

News & Updation

  • EJBPS: NOVEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED

    NOVEMBER 2021 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2021

  • EJBPS New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJBPS Impact Factor has been increased from 5.467 to 6.044, due to high quality Publication at International Level.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJBPS Received Index Copernicus Value 77.3, due to High Quality Publication in EJBPS at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Dear Researcher, Article Invited for Publication  in EJBPS coming Issue.

     

UG/PG/Ph.D Research Publication

Research Scholar of UG/PG/Ph.D can Submit their Research Article/Review Article/Case Study/Short Communication for Publication in EJBPS

Downloads

Copyright From

Covering Letter

                        Author Instruction 
 

PLAGERLUM REPORT