Manisbah Maryam, *Ahmed Sohail, Ubaidullah Jan and Sidra Hasnain


Background: Headache and refractive errors are very common conditions in the general population, and those with headache often attribute their pain to a visual problem. Dispensing error also causes headache in population & most of the population is unaware. Objective: To find out the frequency of under corrected refractive errors and dispensing errors in patients presenting with headache. Material and Methods: This is a cross sectional study done in LRBT Hospital Lahore and at various optical shops located in different towns. A Performa based interview of the study population was conducted. Frequency distribution/percentages of data were prescribed, cross tables, bar chart and pie chart were formed to calculate the statistical data. Results: Out of the 87  participants 30(34.48%) were males, and 57(65.51%) were females. Out of 87 participants 25(28.7%) had no pain, 42(48.3%) had moderate pain, and 20(23.0%) patients had worst pain. Out of the 87 participants 14(16.1%) had headache from 1 week, 14(16.1%) had headache from 2 weeks, while 17(19.5%) had headache from 3 weeks, and 19(21.8%) patients had headache from more than 4 weeks. Out of 87 participants 10(11.5%) were emmetropic, 4(4.6%) were hypermetropic, 59(67.8%) were myopic and 14(16.1%) patients were having astigmatism. Patients of headache due to under-corrected refractive errors were 48(55.2%), and patients with headache due to dispensing errors were 39(44.8%). Conclusions: In my study I concluded that dispensing and under corrected refractive errors are most common causes of headache but people are not aware of dispensing errors. Almost 48 (55.2%) were having headache due to under-corrected refractive error and 39 (44.8%) were having headache due to dispensing error.

Keywords: Under-corrected Refractive errors, Dispensing errors, Headache.

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