Abstract
SEASONAL VARIATION OF UROFLOWMETRY PARAMETERS IN CENTRAL SRI LANKA

Anurudda Udaya Bandara Pethiyagoda*, Kalyani Pethiyagoda, Inam Niyas, Lashan Chathuranga Silva Osura Rojith Amarajeewa, Sethma Wijesinghe, Kaumini Maheshika Dimiyawa, Thilina Madusanka Wijethunga and Sithara Nilmini Warnasooriya

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Uroflowmetry is a fairly uncomplicated and non-invasive investigation method which is used to assess patients with various urinary pathologies and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS). There is a widely believed perception towards variations in LUTS with seasonal changes. Basic uroflowmetry parameters can be used to assess such correlation. Although several countries have observed contradictory findings on this hypothesis, there is no literature available from tropical countries where the seasonal changes are more subtle to almost nonexistent. Objective: Analyze the uroflowmetry parameters and their alterations over a few years and correlate them with the weather changes of that particular time period to look for any associations. Method: Patients who underwent Uroflowmetry at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya from 2014-2021 were evaluated, along with climate data of the corresponding dates from the nearest climate station (Katugasthota). Results: A total of 3854 patients were enrolled in our study during a period of 8 years. Among the study group, 3484 were male patients (90.7%) while only 358 were female (9.3%). The mean age of all the patients was 61.46 years in an age range of 10 - 94 years. From Pearson correlation, significant association of uroflowmetry parameters with seasonal changes was observed differently in 2014-2021 (p<0.05). Conclusion: Different basic uroflowmetry parameters were associated with climate changes in seasons but didn’t show a consistent correlation throughout the 8 years.

Keywords: .


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