Abstract
COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON ETHNOBOTANY, PHARMACOGNOSY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES ON SOALNUM TRILOBATUM, LINN., (SOLANACEAE).

Kandasamy Palanisamy Jaiganesh*, Ramakrishnan Loga Priyadharshini, Elumalai Nivetha, Venkatesan Thiyagarajan and Balasubramaniyan Vikram

ABSTRACT

Solanum trilobatum Linn (Family: Solanaceae) is one of the important medicinal plant, more commonly available in Southern India. Solanum trilobatum is an extensively used Indian Traditional system of Medicine including Siddha to cure several ailments in humans. It was distributed throughout the southern parts of India. S. trilobatum is reported to cure numerous diseases viz., tuberculosis, respiratory problems and bronchial asthma. S. trilobatum was reported to possess hepatoprotective activity, antimicrobial activity, antioxidant activity, cytotoxic activity, haemolytic activity, protective effect, immunomodulatory activity and anti-inflammatory activities. Phytochemical screening exhibited the presence of various phytoconstituents like carbohydrates, saponins, phytosterols and tannins in leaf, whereas, stem possess carbohydrates, saponins, phytosterols, tannins, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides as major phytochemical constituents.

Keywords: Solanum trilobatum, Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology.


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