Abstract
PREVALENCE OF ACINETOBACTER SPECIES CAUSING HOSPITAL ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT AND ANTIBIOGRAM IN KHARTOUM STATE

Duaa Alhassan, Mohamed H. Arbab*, Mohamed M Babeke, Sara Ali, Nasr M. Nasr, Hani Kamal Fahmi

ABSTRACT

Background: Acinetobacter is a gram-negative coccobacillus that recently emerged as important nosocomial pathogen. Acinetobacter is non-motile, encapsulated, and non-fermentative bacteria, it belongs to the family Neisseriaceae, it can cause either community acquired or hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP). However; it is usually seen more often as late-onset hospital acquired infection (After 4 days of hospitalization), specially; hospital acquired pneumonia which is remains a problem for public health and there is also an emergence of multidrug-resistant strains that is worsening the impact of this disease. In order to fight this situation, we need a rapid diagnosing and antibiotics bio gram of this fatal situation to allow a prompt initiation of correct patient managements. Method: These was a hospital-based, active surveillance diagnostic study on hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults hospitalized patients in intensive care units in Khartoum stat 2017. Alshaab Teaching Hospital, Omdurman Teaching and Fedail Hospital were selected for sampling and data collection for this study. Results: This study was involved 100 ICU pneumonic patients, from them 66%were male and 34% were females. Provenances of Acinetobacter causing Pannonia in ICU admitted patients were 22 (22%). Conclusion: We noticed that in Khartoum state hospitals the prevalence of Acintobacter causing pneumonic infection in ICU pts was (22%) due to the Acintobacter is multidrug resistance organism in Khartoum state.

Keywords: Acintobacter, ICU, Multidrug resistant.


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