Abstract
IN- VITRO HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTION OF THE CRUDE EXTRACTS OF LUFFA AMARA (WHOLE FRUIT) AND RHEUM EMODI (RHIZOMES) IN CCL4 INTOXICATED RAT HEPATOCYTES

Muna Abid*, Zakia Abid, Syed Asad B. and Mohammed Ibrahim

ABSTRACT

Aim: The objective of this in-vitro study involves evaluating the protective action of the extracts of L. amara (LA) (whole fruits including seeds) and R. emodi (RE) (rhizomes) at various concentrations on isolated primary rat hepatocytes. Method: The pulverised dried whole fruits of L. amara (LA) and rhizomes of R.emodi (RE) were extracted successively with petroleum ether (PE), ethanol (EE) and distilled water (AE) and vacuum dried. These extracts of LA petroleum ether (PE), ethanolic (EE) and aqueous (AE) extracts and RE obtained were subjected to in vitro studies at doses of 25, 75, 100, and 150 μg/ml and silymarin (250 μg/ml) in CCl4 (1%) intoxicated primary hepatocytes monolayer cultures the hepatoprotective action of all the extracts of both plants at different doses was carried out using isolated rat hepatocytes which were subjected to CCl4 intoxication followed by estimating/ measuring the changes in serum biochemical markers – SGPT, SGOT, ALP, Total proteins (TP), total bilirubin (TB), albumin (ALB) and triglycerides (TGL). Result: Hepatoprotective activity against CCl4 was demonstrated in the rat primary monolayer hepatocyte culture using MMT assay with the ethanolic extracts of both plants showing more hepatocyte protective action compared to the aqueous and petroleum ether extracts by reducing the elevated serum marker levels. Alcoholic and aqueous extracts were found to express more protective action towards CCl4 intoxicated isolated primary rat hepatocytes in a dose dependant manner. Conclusion: based on the result, it is suggested that the extract with the most hepatocyte protective action at a dose of 150μg is LA ethanolic extract (viability=88.24%), followed by LA aqueous extract (viability=84.31%), RE ethanolic extract (viability=88.24%) and RE aqueous extract (viability=88.24%) - which are comparable to the reference silymarin with viability at 92.15%. the petroleum ether extracts of both plants showed least hepatic cell viability with LA pet ether extract at 49.02% and RE pet ether extract at 47.85% .

Keywords: Luffa amara (LA), Rheum emodi (RE), pet ether extract, alcoholic extract, aqueous extract. Abbrevations: LAPE –L.amara pet ether extract, LAEE- L.amara ethanolic extract, LAAE- L.amara aqueous extract, REPE- R.emodi pet ether extract, REEE- R.emodi ethano


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