Abstract
EXTENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PHARMACIST TOWARDS ADVERSE DRUG REACTION REPORTING IN COMMUNITY PHARMACY SETTING

Cruz A. M., Figura V. K., *Gura C. J., Hade H. R., Josue H. M., Quizan M., Mylene S. Andal MS Pharm,
Dr. Cecilia D. Santiago PhD

ABSTRACT

Under-reporting of ADR is one of the main problems in the healthcare system. The pharmacist is solely the responsible healthcare professional in monitoring and documenting adverse drug reactions. Studies cited to express that community pharmacists have inadequate knowledge about Adverse Drug Reaction reporting but have an advanced attitude. This scenario greatly affects the pharmacists' practice, so the researchers aimed to study community pharmacists' knowledge, attitude, and practice towards ADR reporting. A cross-sectional survey questionnaire was distributed to community pharmacists in the selected localities in the Philippines. Researchers used descriptive quantitative research and collected data using the web-based and distributed it in different social media platforms. A stratified sampling technique was used to group the population, and from each locality, researchers get an equal number of respondents. Using a 5-point Likert-scale type of evaluation, researchers assess the data using descriptive statistics such as the weighted mean, frequency, percentage, Pearson r, and chi-square. Data gathered are from the 139 community pharmacists from the six localities and the pharmacists agreed that adverse drug reactions should be reported once it happened to their patients. This means that they have adequate knowledge about reporting adverse drug reactions encountered by their patients and they know how and when to report ADRs, they also agreed that it is a duty and obligation to report and attend to patients who complained about ADRs. This shows that the community pharmacists have a positive attitude towards ADR reporting, as this is part of their job, and the pharmacists agreed that they had enough practice in reporting ADRs. This means that community pharmacists are performing well in terms of ADR reporting and they follow the different protocols in reporting ADRs as part of their profession. The researchers therefore conclude that there is no significant difference between their knowledge and attitude in the pharmacy community setting in terms of age, gender, position and number of years employed. On the other hand, there is a significant difference in terms of practice.

Keywords: Adverse Drug Reaction, Community Pharmacist, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Barriers.


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