Abstract
PATTERN AND DISTRIBUTION OF APPENDICECTOMY CASES AT DINAJPUR MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL

Md. Nur Islam*, Most. Alaya Pervin and Sarmin Sattar

ABSTRACT

Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen surgery with an incidence of 86.2–106 per 100,000 populations. Once thought to be a disease of Western countries, its incidence is on the rise in the developing world. For instance; a recent global review showed that in the 21st century the incidence of acute appendicitis has increased in some of the newly industrialized countries in Asia, South America, and the Middle East. The aim of the study was to determine the pattern & distribution of Appendicectomy operated patients in surgical dept. of DjMCH, Bangladesh for the January-December 2020. The cross-sectional study was conducted purposively selected 148 patients who were selected cases for Appendicitis operation at Department of surgery (Both male & Female Surgery Ward) in DjMCH, Dinajpur. Data were collected face to face by using structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The mean age of the respondents was 21.14years. Male, Female ratio is 1.114:1. The majority 129 (87.2%) of the patients finding were acutely inflamed appendix and the Routine cases were 116 (78.4%) & Emergency cases were 32 (21.6%). The proportion of Routine and Emergency was 3.6:1. Uneventful recovery was 89.2% (132) and Eventful recovery was only 10.1% (15). Here superficial surgical site infection was mostly 08 (5.4%) and Intra-abdominal collection was 02 (13.3%). Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen. Male are more vulnerable than female. Moreover Laparoscopy Appendicectomy is increasing day by day with a high success rate.

Keywords: Appendicitis, Appendicectomy, Pattern, Distribution.


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