Abstract
PLACENTAL MESENCHYMAL DYSPLASIA- A CASE REPORT

*Dr. Nupur Rastogi and Sunidhi Rohatgi

ABSTRACT

Placental mesenchymal Dysplasia is a rare benign placental vascular anomaly, characterized by placentomegaly and grape like vesicles resembling molar pregnancy on Ultrasonography with heterogenous solid and cystic areas. Colour Doppler shows increased blood flow due to aneurysmal dilatation od chorionic arteries and veins. Incidence of PMD is approximately 0.02%. In PMD, there is slight increase in B-HCG and Alpha Feto protein is elevated. In present case, a 36 year old female underwent USG at 16 weeks gestation showing large cystic and solid areas in placenta, with single live fetus. USG diagnosis of PMD was made. Termination of pregnancy was done and placenta was sent for histopathological examination which showed admixture of normal and abnormal appearing chorionic villi, absence of trophoblastic proliferation, favouring diagnosis of PMD.

Keywords: PMD, placentomegaly, grape like vesicles.


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