Abstract
OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES ON PREVALENCE OF WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS DEFICIENCIES ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION IN THE NUTRITIONAL REHABILITATION CENTER

Mulchand Shende*, Sanket Kadam, Mayuri Mokal, Madhura Balvir

ABSTRACT

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is global health problem in children contributing to childhood morbidity and mortality. Study aim was to accesses water soluble vitamins deficiencies among children with SAM and outcomes after treatments of F-75/F-100 plus vitamins mix. The study was prospective observational conducted in the nutritional rehabilitation center (NRC) at district general hospital for 6 months. Anthropometric measurements were taken to determine their nutritional status. 100 patients of NRC were enrolled in the study. Sixty nine percent (69) patients had weight/height Z score<−3 standard deviation, 16 % with Z score<−2 and 15% of them had Z score<−4 malnutrition. Out of 100 children, 46% children were males and 56% children were females. Vitamin B6 deficient (100%) was highly prevalent in hospitalized SAM groups, followed by 99% vitamin C and 92% were vitamin B9 deficient. Micronutrient deficiencies were highly prevalent with water soluble vitamins and recovered on application of WHO protocols during hospitalization induced satisfactory vitamin status recovery significant (p<0.05).

Keywords: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM), Nutritional rehabilitation center, Z score.


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