Abstract
EVALUATION OF PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Sneha Saha, Rani Begum, Sriparna Sarkar, Subhabrita De, Smriti Chhetri and Manodeep Chakraborty*

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a leading cause for development of several cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Tremendous improvement has happened in the field of pharmacotherapy of hypertension but still its very much important to investigate the type of therapy prescribed to the hypertensive patients. So this study has been designed to evaluate the prescription pattern of antihypertensive drugs to the patents suffering from blood pressure. The study was carried out to examine the prescription pattern of antihypertensive medications among hypertensive patients in District Hospital Singtam, East Sikkim, Sikkim. The study was conducted on 31 adult hypertensive patients admitted to the inpatient department of male and female general award. It was carried out on the cases from the November 2021 to the May 2022. Prescriptions were studied for overall drug use details and specific types of antihypertensive drugs. Out of 31 patients, 25 patients received monotherapy and 6 patients received combination therapy. The treatment with Diuretics (31%) was found to be the commonest therapeutic class, followed by Calcium channel blocker(19%), β-blockers (17%), ARBs (15%), ACE inhibitors and antiplatelet drug (8%).The least prescribed therapeutic class was alpha-blockers(2%).Among all the drugs Furosemide(Lasix) which was intravenously administered was mostly prescribed and the least prescribed drug was Lanoxin.

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