Abstract
CRITICAL REVIEW ON HEPATOBILIARY DISEASES IN AYURVEDA PERSPECTIVE

*Dr. Rohini H. D. and Dr. Prashanth A. S.

ABSTRACT

The Hepatobiliary system is composed of the liver, gall bladder and biliary tree. In Ayurvedic literature liver is called by the name Yakrit. Description about utpatti(origin) and rachana shareera (anatomical position) of Yakrit (liver) is available in Samhitas. According to few references more than 50% of people in India relay on Ayurveda and herbal medicine for the liver diseases. In turn the explanation is available in detail about the Pleeha(spleen) Roga( disease) and at the end concluded that Pleeharoga and Yakritroga both share the similar Nidana(cause) , Lakashana(features),Bheda(classification) and Chikitsa(treatment), only difference is the side of the body affected in Pleeha roga it occurs at left side of the kukshi (abdomen) and in Yakrit roga it develops in right side of the kukshi(abdomen). Elaborate explanation about the Yakrit Roga is not available. Some scattered information is available in the classical texts about the Yakrit Roga. Whole hepatobiliary system diseases are included under the following heading Pandu, Kamala, Halimaka,Panaki, Kumbakamala, Lagaraka, Yakritodara, Yakrit Dalodhara , Yakrit Vruddi etc. The Ahara(food) and Vihara(physical activity) which causes Dusti of Rakta Dhatu will also do Dusti of Raktavaha Srotas and its Moola this may be the reason for the explanation of both the diseases together.

Keywords: Yakrit Roga, Pleeha Roga, Yakritodara, Kamala, Halimaka, Panaki, Hepatobiliary Disease.


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