Abstract
STUDY OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTION PATTERN AMONG INPATIENTS OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Devu Karun* and Mrs. Meppil Baby

ABSTRACT

Antibiotics are considered to be one of the most important discoveries in the field of medicine. Overuse of antibiotics is a common problem observed in healthcare settings which progress to unnecessary expenditure on drugs, increased medication errors, increased risk of adverse drug reactions and most importantly, development of antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial resistance is the greatest threat to our future healthcare system due to increased number of resistant microbial strains being reported each year in human populations. Health organisations and research institutes are focussing on the antibiotic prescribers and dispensers. Antibiotic stewardship program if implemented properly can bring new antibiotic policies that helps in preventing unnecessary use of antibiotics and in their optimal management. While focussing on the above-mentioned scenario, it is important to analyse the information regarding antibiotic prescription pattern in patients for developing a rational antibiotic policy for the optimal management of infections in the present as well as in the upcoming human populations. This study was conducted with aforementioned relevance presenting the patients referred from the inpatient ward of the tertiary care hospital.

Keywords: Antibiotic, Antimicrobial resistance, Antimicrobial stewardship program, Standard treatment guideline (STG), Adverse drug reaction (ADR), Respiratory tract infection (RTI), Urinary tract infection (UTI).


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