Abstract
DRUG UTILIZATION EVALUATION OF ANALGESICS AMONG IN - PATIENTS OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Nayana P. Kunderi, Brij Prakash Chaudhary*, Rup Narayan Yadav, Dr. E. Satheesh Kumar, Dr. L. Padma, Dr. Madhusudan and Dr. Narayanaswamy V. B.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Analgesic is a drug which selectively reduces or relieves the pain sensation by acting on CNS or peripheral system without altering consciousness. Objectives: The fundamental objective of our study is to evaluate the drug use pattern among the inpatient in a tertiary care hospital. Methodology: A cross-section study was carried out among 200 in-patients in a tertiary care hospital Bangalore. The patient data were collected from the patient case profile and prescriptions and noted in a data form. The data were analyzed to find out the demographic detail, number of analgesics prescribed per patient, analgesic which are commonly prescribed, co-morbidities of patients, frequency of interaction and patient with discharge medication. Patient with or without co-morbidities state were also included. Results: In 200 patients with analgesic, majority number of patient i.e., 57% was males (114) and 86 (43%) were females. The usual co-morbidities were Diabetes, Hypertension in which 30% were with comorbidities and 70% were without comorbidities. The most frequently prescribed analgesic drugs were paracetamol (58%), tramadol (26.5%), diclofenac (23%) followed by aceclofenc (10.5%). The distribution of use analgesic of analgesic was more in orthopedic (38%) and less in general medicine (7%). The duration of analgesic prescribed for less than 3 days was 99 and 4-6 days was 93 and 7-10 was 8 patients. Conclusions: The present research studies give important recommended views into overall pattern of analgesic drugs used in inpatient in a tertiary care hospital. The analgesic was prescribed mostly and more frequently was paracetamol (58%) and tramadol was 26.5%. To avoid the unnecessary use of analgesic drugs physician should be encourage decreasing use of generic name which may increase incidence of other health problems.

Keywords: Analgesics, Drug utilization evaluation, OTC.


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