Abstract
ULTRASONOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS OF TEAT STRUCTURES DURING MAMMARY GLAND AFFECTIONS IN GIR COWS

Patel NP, Talekar SH*, Vishnudeo Kumar, Trangadia BJ, Dodia VD, Vadalia JV, and Padaliya NR

ABSTRACT

The present study entitled “Ultrasonographic measurements of teat structures during mammary gland affections in Gir cows” was conducted to know basic data regarding measurements of internal teat structure in Gir cows during mammary gland affections. The present clinical study was conducted on 100 Gir cows presented to Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, COVSAH, KU, Junagadh during study period. In present clinical work mammary gland affections i.e., involvement of single teat affections were highest (46.51%), followed by double teat (25.58%), four teat (18.60%) and triple teat (6.97%). Teat obstruction contributed for the highest number of cases (42) followed by mastitis (33), udder fibrosis (15), udder abscess (06), and teat fistula (04). The average milk yield of the different groups studied was 12.50±1.72 Kg. The highest milk yield was recorded in teat fistula involved group was 21.15±2.85 Kg. In group involving udder fibrosis milk yield was nil and group involved complete teat obstruction had the lowest milk yield of 2.06±1.20 Kg. The average mean of teat canal diameter was 1.53±0.02 cm in affected teats and 2.07±0.02 cm in normal teats in the current study. In the present analysis, the average teat wall thickness was reported to be 0.66±0.03 cm in affected teats and 0.56±0.03 cm in normal contra lateral teats. In present clinical study, ultrasonographic measurements of teat structures during mammary gland affections in ir cows is found easy, quick and low cost technique.

Keywords: Gir cow, USG, Teat.


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