Abstract
VOCATIONAL STUDIES IN EGYPT AND INDONESIA

Said Shalaby*, Ratna Wahyuni, Samy Shalaby, Samir Shalaby, Sawssan Shalaby, Mona A. Awad, Anwar Ma’ruf, Novianto Edi Suharno, Syifa Aulia and Devendra Kumar Awasthi

ABSTRACT

Vocational Education can be seen as that type of education given to an individual to prepare that individual to be gainfully employed or self employed with requisite skill. At the post-secondary level, vocational education is often provided by highly specialized trade schools, technical schools, community colleges, vocational universities, and institutes of technology. Recently, online vocational education became more popular; thus learning various trade and soft skills from established professionals became more easy than before. Technical and Vocational education & Training (TVET) and skills development were viewed as an important component in promoting economic growth in general and addressing youth unemployment in particular. Recently; the introduction and expansion of new vocational curricula and courses, often developed in collaboration with industry, and an increase in the variety of work-based learning routes on offer to young people. The Government of Egypt co-funded TVET as a nationwide initiative. In Indonesia still the number of higher education institutes that provides vocational education is limited; compared with the number of universities that provide academic education and industrial needs.Inspite of that; great improvement is achieved under the help of the government and private sector.

Keywords: Vocational Education – Research – Health –Engineering – Business - Egypt – Indonesia.


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