Abstract
PREVALENCE AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS INVOLVED IN FEMALE PELVIC PROLAPSE IN SOUTH INDIA

*Dr. Sivanandan PhD, Dr. P. Josephina Rosy, Dr. Salameh Al Dajah and Hariraja Muthusamy

ABSTRACT

Background: Normal physiological function of the pelvic organs depends on the anatomic integrity of the support components. Pelvic support defects may contribute to pelvic organ prolapse; urinary and anal incontinence; Pelvic support anatomy has been a subject of debate for over a century. Objectives: This study aim to describe the prevalence and the etiological factors that affects the pelvic prolapse among women in south India. Methods: This study was conducted in 50 cases of women with genital prolapse who underwent surgical procedure was randomly selected. An informed written consent along with performa was taken before surgery from all patients for the study. Results: Analyzing patient who underwent vaginal hysterectomy and/ or repair of anterior/posterior compartment, all genital prolapse cases with age of reproductive, perimenopausal, menopausal with estrogen deficiency were responsible for important known causative factor for genital prolapse. Conclusion: This study is to provide information about the prevalence and etiological factor involved in female pelvic prolapse and directions for possible target therapy in South Indian population.

Keywords: Pelvic prolapsed, pelvic floor muscle & genital prolapse.


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