Abstract
A STUDY OF THE PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS AMONG THE SURGICAL IN-PATIENTS OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN IMPHAL

Neerajkumar Sharma Manohar*, Anuradha Maibam, Oinam Joychandra Singh, Kabita Devi Waikhom

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Antibiotics are crucial in the management of surgical site infections thereby decreasing morbidity and mortality. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyse the prescription pattern of antibiotics among the surgical in-patients for a period of one year. Results: Data was collected for a period of one year which included age, sex, diagnosis, date of admission and discharge, name of the antibiotics before surgery, during hospital stay and at the time of discharge, co- prescribed drugs, route of administration, duration of treatment, adverse drug reactions/ events and duration of hospital stay which was entered in a pre-designed form. Descriptive statistics was used for analysis of the data. Results: 22.3% antibiotics was used most in the age group of 31-40 years as single drug (50.47%) given via intravenous route (92%) with cephalosporins (34.4%) being the most common class of antibiotics. Acute cholecystitis(23.4%) was the most common cause for admission of 58.5% females of total cases. 92.9% of total antibiotics prescribed was branded. ADR reporting was nil. Conclusion: Greater stress on spreading awareness of the Concept of rational use of antibiotics along with principles of the antibiotic stewardship need to be addressed. The concerned hospital authority may take up regular CME on antibiotic usage for the prescribers for better patient safety and care.

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