*MD. PHS. Dr. Sameer A. Aldaradkeh, MD. PHS. Dr, Rania. A. Alnjadat, MD. Dr. Belal. M. ALqodah,
MD. Dr. Mahmoud A. Harb, MD. Dr. Anal A. Alkasawneh, ENTS. Dr. Wajdei N. Alsmairat,
Inspector. Yasser F. Shannaq


Background: In the end of 2019, First cases of Covid-19 were reported from the Chinese city Wuhan located in the province Hubei in December 2019 .The disease is spreading worldwide and was classified as a pandemic by the WHO in March 2020. There is no specific clinical symptom that allows COVID-19 to be reliably differentiated from other viral respiratory infections. The severity of symptomatic infection ranges from mild to critical, he most frequently reported symptoms are fever, cough, myalgia, fatigue, dyspnea, and less often, headache, diarrhea and runny nose. Age and comorbidity played a crucial role in the duration required to recover from all the COVID-19 associated symptoms. The coronavirus illness is a highly contagious viral infection with serious health consequences that has occurred all around the world. In the course of disease a subset of patients show pneumonia with abnormal findings on chest CT .Severe cases are transferred to an intensive care unit (ICU) and frequently require artificial ventilation. The disease’s case fatality rate is estimated between 3.4% and 11%. Objective: The study about could be very helpful in better knowledge about this infectious disease. The study aimed to study the clinical features of this infection, the risk factor associated with it, and to determine the level of compliance with COVID-19 preventive measures. Methods: A descriptive prospective study was conducted on a (237) patient sample size, in queen alia military hospital – Jordan. Survey was full filled by a well-known designated team contained (two public health specialist, three medicine specialist, one ENT specialist, and one preventive medicine inspector). Multiple variables were studied in three main categories socio-demographic, signs and symptoms, and compliance to preventive measures protocols. Analysis was done by SPSS version 21. Results: It was well noticed in the results that female who were infected with Covid virus were significantly higher than male percent was (70% - 29%) respectively. It was also noticed that most of infected patients had a history of contact with other patient percent was (0.83%). (35%) of the infected patients were in age 30-40 years old and age 40-60 years old showed 29% of the infected patient in this study these two categories of age had most numbers of infected patients. Covid infection was noticed in patient complaining of DM, HTN it’s was (33%, 35%) respectively. Patients seeking medical help earlier than 5 days since noticing symptoms were significant (37%). Results showed that patient did well comply to preventive measures for example (70%) of patients tried to maintain social distance, (77%) of patients wear mask when going outside home, (0.29%) of patients took at least on dose off the vaccine. Conclusion: Our study explored the risk factors for developing COVID-19 , the risk factors of developing COVID-19 including female, age (30-60),hypertension, and diabetes which are very helpful to predict and prevent developing severe cases of COVID-19. Therefore, we should pay more attention to cases with these risk factors, and avert poor prognosis. Our study also showed most common signs and symptoms noticed on patients complaining of Covid infection, it was noticed that most common signs noticed were fever, cough and shortness of breath.

Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Risk factors, RNA virus, Compliance.

[Full Text Article]


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