Abstract
PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING AT ELNUHUD TEACHING HOSPITAL, WEST KORDUFAN STATE, SUDAN – 2019

*Balla Altaeb Ahmed Alnour, *Dr. Gurashi Gabr Alla Hamad and *Dr. Raga Hassan Amed

ABSTRACT

Background: Anemia is a common problem in Africa, with prevalence ranging from 21.1% to 64.4%. According to WHO estimates, 56 million pregnant women were anemic in 2005, more than half of them (57.6%) would be in Africa. Objectives: The main objective of this study to study prevalence of anemia among pregnant women attending at El-Nuhud Teaching Hospital, West Kordufan State, 2019. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive hospital based study was carried out from August to November 2019. The sample size was total coverage of all pregnant women attending at El-Nuhud Teaching Hospital, West Kordufan State. A number of 420 samples of data of structured administrated questionnaire and blood samples were collected from pregnant women. The blood samples were collected and investigated by laboratory technician by using Colorimeter to measure hemoglobin level. The data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS), version 20 and Chi-Square test (X2) used to check difference between variables, p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The results indicated the prevalence was (61%). The age group more than 45 years old was the most affected (100%). There is significant association between anemia and age group, gestation period and family size (X2 = 26.314 P = 0.000, X2 = 14.945 P = 0.001and X2 = 21.752 P = 0.000) respectively. Pregnant women had irregular follow up during pregnancy represented 79.50% of infected pregnant women. The study revealed that folic acid and iron intake has significant effect (82.50%), (78.20%), and (44.50%) anemic of pregnant women their answer (no), (irregular) and (regular)respectively. Conclusion: The study concluded that the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women was more than half. The study recommended to implement health education programmes at all levels, use appropriate vaccinations, supplementations and vitamins during pregnancy to prevent anemia, family planning, optimum maternal and child health, and environmental Sanitation.

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