Abstract
AN AYURVEDIC REVIEW OF STHULA PRAMEHI (TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS)

Hemlata Soni* and Kartar Singh Bansal

ABSTRACT

Obesity (Sthaulya) is strongly associated with increase in risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2020, according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), 77 million people have diabetes in the world belong to India. Obesity is a major cause of increased insulin resistance. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a clinical syndrome characterised by hyperglycaemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. Diabetes Mellitus can be classified into two broad categories: Type I DM and Type II DM. Type I DM is a result of absolute deficiency of insulin while type II DM is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterised by variable insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion and increased glucose production. Medo Pradoshaja Vikara the prodromal symptoms of Prameha. Prameha signifies urinary disorders leading to the diabetes mellitus related symptoms. It is also characterized by the passing of turbid urine in excessive quantity, depending upon the causative factor, constituency and quantity of urine etc. Dhatwa- agnimandya is sighted as a main cause behind the development of pathology of disease. Treatment including all the three aspects that is internal medication, Diet and Exercise.

Keywords: Prameha, Sthaulya, Type II Diabetes Mellitus, Obesity.


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