Kashyap Chauhan*, Mahesh Vyas, Harisha C.R. and A.S. Baghel


Trikatu Churna is an Ayurvedic polyherbal formulation of the dried fruits of Piper nigrum L., Piper longum L. and rhizome of Zingiber officinale. It is a celebrious drug mentioned in the ancient books of Ayurveda used for the treatment of Gulma (abdominal lump), Prameha (Diabetes Mellitus), Sthaulya (obesity), Pinasa (cold and cough), Shwasa-Kasa (Asthma). It has hot and pungent nature, which means its intake results in production of heat in the body and increase digestive juices and bile salt secretion hence it increases the digestive fire. For this reason Trikatu in the form of Churna (powder) is selected for the management of Agnimandya. The present study was aimed at setting up a standard profile of Trikatu Churna through the Pharmacognostical and pharmaceutical analysis as per standard protocol. The observations were systematically recorded. Organoleptic features of coarse powder were harmonized with API. The pH value was 3.5, water soluble extract 13.4% w/w, methanol soluble extract 17%, ash value 6.1%, Acid insoluble Ash 1.26% and loss on drying 10.2%. HPTLC was carried out after organizing appropriate solvent system in which maximum 9 spots were distinguished at 254 nm and 8 spots at 366 nm.

Keywords: Agnimandya, HPTLC, Pharmacognosy, Physico-chemical analysis, Trikatu Churna.

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