Abstract
CORRELATION BETWEEN GALAGANDA AND HYPOTHYROIDISM

Nikitha M. and Dr. Reshma M. Saokar*

ABSTRACT

Thyroid gland usually located below and anterior to the larynx, consists of two bulky lobes connected by a relatively thin isthmus. In response to hypothalamic factor, TSH (thyrotropin) is released by anterior pituitary into circulation. Thyroid follicular epithelial cell convert thyroglobulin into Thyroxine (T4) and lesser amounts to Triiodothyronine (T3). Diseases of the thyroid include conditions associated with excessive release of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism), thyroid hormone deficiency (hypothyroidism). Hyperthyroidism defined as is a hyper metabolic state caused by elevated circulating levels of free T3 and T4. Hypothyroidism is defined as a condition caused by a structural or functional derangement that interferes with the production of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is a common disorder. By some estimates, the population prevalence increase with age and it is nearly tenfold more common in women than in men. Primary hypothyroidism is up to 8–9 time more common in women than in men, and the prevalence increases with age, with a peak incidence between the ages of 30 and 50 years. According to Ayurveda, this disease is termed as Galaganda.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Galaganda, Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).


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