Abstract
PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS, PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND FLUORESCENCE CHARACTERIZATION OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF GINKGO BILOBA LEAVES

Rohit Jatav and Rekha Gour

ABSTRACT

Indigenous medicine is outlined as "the expertise, abilities, and protocols based on indigenous theories, beliefs, and experiences used to maintain wellness and prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illness. The most common reasons for using traditional medicine are that it is less expensive; more closely corresponds to the patient's ideology, alleviates concerns about the side effects of chemical (synthetic) medicines, satisfies a desire for more personalized health care, and allows greater public access to health information. Herbal medications are mostly used for health promotion and therapy for chronic, rather than life-threatening, illnesses. Ginkgo biloba leaves were analyzed physicochemically and phytochemically. The purpose of this study was to determine the phytochemical ingredients and physicochemical parameters of Ginkgo biloba using the conventional pharmacopoeial approach. The presence of various metabolites such as alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, tannins and amino acids. Carbohydrates glycosides, saponins, fix oil and fat was not found in Ginkgo biloba leaves, when quantified using the literature method. Total Ash (27%), Water Insoluble Ash (1.28gm), Acid Insoluble Ash (1.19 gm) is all included in the physicochemical analysis. TLC and Floroscence analyses, as well as established procedures, determine the loss on drying (11.33%) and Rf value (0.64 (UV).

Keywords: Ginkgo biloba L. Physicochemical analysis, phytochemical Investigation, Floroscence analysis, TLC.


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