Abstract
STUDY ON HbA1C AND URINE SUGAR IN DIABETIC PATIENTS OF NORTH REGION (PUNJAB)

Jasbir Kaur*, Manbir Kaur and Rashpal Singh

ABSTRACT

Background: Glycated haemoglobin or glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is a form of haemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time. Levels of HbA1c represent the average blood glucose levels of diabetic patients over the previous 120 days. The objective of this study was to see the HbA1c and urine sugar level in diabetic patients in north region Punjab. During study, we have estimated glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in diabetic and non diabetic person and correlated with urine sugar levels. Materials and Methods: A study of glycosylated haemoglobin and urine sugar was conducted in a total number of 90 subjects among which 40 subjects are as control (non-diabetic at the time of study) and 50 diabetic patients who were on treatment. Results: The patients whose urine sugar was nil still have high value of HbAIc. Moreover the age affects the sugar levels. Conclusion: Study concluded that diabetic subjects had higher value of HbA1c than non diabetic subjects. Long term diabetic complications were more related to glycosylated haemoglobin.

Keywords: Glycosylated hemoglobin, Diabetes, Urine sugar, lifestyle, obesity.


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